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Member of the Greek Data Protection Authority


A. Biographical note

Born 1962, Athensmatriculated and studied at the Department of Law of the Law Faculty of Athens University; top scholarship of the National Scholarship Foundation in each year of his studies; graduated with first-class honours. First Special Postgraduate Scholarship in the 1st Private Law Section of the Department of Law of the Athens University Law School. Unanimously first-class doctor's degree in Law by the University of Athens (thesis on Pecuniary Obligation’s Doctrine). First State Scholarship Foundation scholarship for post-doctoral research in Civil Law. Member of the Advisory Board of the Society for European Contract Law (SECOLA). Participant of the standing conference ‘The Common Core of European Private Law - The Trento Project’, co-ordinated by U. Mattei and M. Bussani, as the Greek reporter on

Barrister and solicitor of ERGA OSE SA (state company managing the projects, jointly financed by the EU, of the investment programme of the Hellenic Railways Organisation); solicitor of the ASYK SA company (the first Greek company providing services in certifying electronic signatures).

Responsible for the teaching of practising lawyers at the Athens Bar Association (1997-2007)

Member of legislative drafting committees, mainly working on the adaptation of Greek legislation to Community Directives, e.g. on electronic signatures (Dir. 1999/93), electronic commerce (Dir. 2000/31), public projects and contracts (Dir. 1992/13). Examiner in the examinations of the Council for the Selection of Personnel (2002-2003). National delegate to stakeholders' network of the European Union on the creation of a Common Frame of Reference in the field of Contract Law. Unanimously first-class doctor’s degree in Philosophy by the University of Athens (2010, thesis on applied ethics). Ex-alternate (2011-2013), ordinary (2013-2019) Member of the Greek Data Protection Authority. Ex-Alternate member of the National Human Rights Commission. Ex-Special member of the National Committee on Geo-information.

B. Academic career and teaching duties

C. Christodoulou teaches Civil Law at the University of Athens as scientific assistant, as Adjunct Professor with the rank of Lecturer (1999), as Lecturer (2002), Assistant Professor (2007), Deputy Professor (2013), Ordinary (First Class) Professor (2016), unanimously elected in any degree. In particular he has taught / teaches lessons in the following fields:

Undergraduate level

  • General Principles of Civil Law
  • General and Special Law of Obligations
  • Succession Law
  • Copyright Law
  • Applications of Civil Law.

Postgraduate level

  • E-Commerce Law
  • Personal Data Protection Law
  • Sport Law, Land Registry
  • EU- Private Law
  • Legal Methodology
  • Genetic Technology and Civil Law.


C. Research and other academic activities

Prof. Christodoulou studied, carried out research, and took part in seminars at the following universities: Ludwig Maximilian Universität, Munich (Institute of Private and Civil Law of Prof. C.-W. Canaris), Johann Wolfgang Goethe, Frankfurt, and Max Planck Institut für Geistiges Eigentum, Wettbewerbs- und Steurrecht [today: für Innovation und Wettbewerb]. He has taken part in and delivered papers at a large number of conferences, both Greek and international.

Principal papers read by Prof. Christodoulou:

In Greek

  • 'Education on the cusp between Public and Private Law', at the Forensic Studies Centre, 9-1-2008.
  • 'Cameras in public places - questions of legality and expedience', at a symposium held by the Law Students' Research Group, at the Law Library, 28-1-2008.
  • 'Aristotelian features in the contemporary methodology of law?' at the Forensic Studies Centre, 16-4-2008.
  • 'Self-destruction or civil self-determination?' at the standing conference on Psychiatry and Law, University of Athens - Aristotle University of Thessaloniki - Patra Bar Association, Patra 24-5-2008.
  • 'The impacts of the theft or loss of credit cards' at a conference held by the Union of Greek Banks, Grande Bretagne Hotel, 25-9-2008.
  • 'Issues of competition on electronic networks' at a conference held by the Kalamata Bar Association, 14-3-2009.

In other languages:

  • Standard Contract Terms in Greece, at Society for European Contract Law (SECOLA) Conference in Prague, 18-6-2005 < vortraege/prague/IV-2Christodoulou.pdf>
  • The 'New 'Rights-Discourse' at an international conference held by the Max-Plank-Institut, Munich on the general topic of Boundaries on Intellectual Property (BIP-Konferenz), Munich, 11-13/9/ 2008.
  • 'Die Entflechtungspflicht', at an international (Greek - German) symposium under the aegis of the Law Schools of the University of Athens and the Free University of Berlin (Kleines Symposium der juristischen Fakultäten Universität Athen und Freie Universität Berlin), Athens, 26-9-2008.
  • ‘'The fate of the insurance compensation for a traffic accident in the event of the succession in inheritance of the perpetrator by the victim’, at the Motor Insurance Working Party (MIWP) at the international conference of 8-5- 2014 of the Association Internationale de Droit des Assurances (AIDA).

He has taken part in both the 2 editions the article-by-article interpretation of the Civil Code (Georgiades - Stathopoulos, Interpretation of the Civil Code)

As attorney C. Christodoulou has represented the Greek State at the European Court of Justice.


D. Publications

I. Monographs

1. 'Pecuniary obligation in view of the euro regulations' (doctoral thesis), publ. A. Sakkoulas, 1998.

2. 'Electronic documents and the electronic juridical act after the new Community regulations' - Foreword by G. Kallimopoulos, publ. A. Sakkoulas, 1st ed. 2001, pp. xxiii + 279, 2nd ed. 2004, pp. xxiii + 300.

3. 'Prescription - Guarantee - Recourse - Exemption clauses', in the collection of papers on 'The new law of liability of the vendor', ed. P. Papanikolaou, publ. A. Sakkoulas, 2003, pp. 458 - 638.

4. 'Protection of personality and of freedom of contract in public sector networks. Personal data and competition in energy, communications and transfers', publ. A. Sakkoulas, 2007.

5. 'Symviosis between family law and the law of obligation - the example of the civil partnership', publ. A. Sakkoulas, 2012, pp. xxiv + 264.

6. 'Error, fraud, threat - the general grounds for annulment of juridical acts - a contribution to the theory of defects of the juridical act', 2016, pp. i - xxviiii, 1 - 378.

7. 'Law of Personal Data' (with case law references and an introduction by Michael Stathopoulos incorporated into the text), 2013, pp. i - xxi, 1 - 162.

8. 'Land Registry Law I', 2013, pp. i - xii, 1 - 77.

9. 'Electronic Civil Law', 1st ed., 2008, pp. i - xxx, 1 - 188, 2nd ed., 2013, pp. i - xxxv, 1 - 225.

10. 'Succession in Copyright - Reflections on Competition and International Private Law', 2017, introduction by L. Kotsiris, pp. i - xiii + 1 - 236


II. Course books

Copyright Law (2018)


III. Other Publications

11. 'Nature and extent of the binding power of the Greek Supreme Special [Constitutional] Court’s decisions', D 1992, 96 - 110.

12. 'The adoption of adults - pathologies of an institution', publ. A Sakkoulas, pp. 123 - 156

13. 'Thoughts on the binding nature of the decisions of Conseil d’ État on ecclesiastical matters' (lecture at the Forensic Studies Centre), Dike 1994, 600, and Dikanikoi Dialogoi 1, 1994, 179.

14. 'The Church and the State faced with separation?', Synaxi journal, 78 - 87.

15. 'Problems of constitutionality in the institution of the obligatory public deposit of the proceeds of auction', D 1994, 692 - 702, and Dikanikoi Dialogoi, 331 - 343.

16. 'Truth or phenomenon of law the biological and socio-emotional criterion in affinity?' intervention at the 1st Conference of the Hellenic Civil Law Association, pp. 267 - 282 in the minutes of the conference, pub. Ant. N. Sakkoulas, 1995 ~  'Genetic truth and a phenomenon of law in affinity (towards a unification of the law of paternity / maternity)', KritE 1995 / 1.

17. 'Pure Economic Loss: Aspects of an Anglosaxon Legal Issue under Greek Law', RHDI 51, 1998. (in English)

18. 'Issues of contractual liability of the supplier', commentary on EfThes 626/1998, DEE 12/1998, pp. 1236 - 1239.

19. 'Place and subjects of brokerage', commentary on AP 1719/1997, DEE 12/1998, pp. 1225 - 1227.

20. 'The problem of the year 2000 - the liability of the supplier of information technology', KritE 1998/2.

21. 'The legal nature of the right over software: intellectual property or patent?', KritE 1999/1.

22. 'Interpretation of Articles 1749 - 1762' in Georgiadis - Stathopoulos, Civil Code.

23. 'Issues of 'Pure Economic Loss' in Greek Law', contribution to the collection of papers Pure Economic Loss in Europe of the international standing conference on European Private Law at Trento (The Common Core of European Private Law - The Trento Project), ed. M. Bussani, V.V. Palmer, publ. Cambridge University Press, 2003.

24. 'Issues of real security in movable properties in Greek Law', contribution to the collection of papers Security Rights in Movable Property in European Private Law of the international standing conference on European Private Law at Trento (The Common Core of European Private Law - The Trento Project), ed. E.-M. Kieninger, publ. Cambridge University Press, 2004.

25. 'Civil Code and National Land Registry', KritE 1998/2, 142 et seq.

26. Greek Case Note in OGH, 27.1. 1999, 3 Ob 225/ 98d, JBL 1999, 470 'Zur Verzinsung eines Schadensersatzanspruches beim Schuldverzug', European Review of Private Law (ERPL) 2000, 716-727.

27. 'Three new issues in the law of electronic documents', D 200, 1006 et seq.

28. 'Problems of the protection of the stock market investor from the doctrinal viewpoint of civil law', in the volume of the 9th conference of the Hellenic Commercial Law Association, publ. 2000.

29. 'Observations on MonProtAth 1327/2000', D 2001, 462 et seq.

30. 'The tendency towards the expansion of what is unlawful and its practical impacts on the Greek system of liability', in the volume in honour of K. Beys (V), 4257 - 4302.

31. 'The impacts of the reform of the law of sale (Law 3043/2002) on the rest of the law of obligation', Digesta 2003, 389 - 401.

32. ''E-law': the emergence of a new branch?', G. Koumandos Miscellany, pp. 1095 - 1122 = D 2004, 417 et seq.

33. 'Substantive and procedural law particularities of the status of electronic networks', D 2004, 417 - 450.

34. Intangible [e-]securities', D 2004, 856 - 902.

35. 'Civil liability of the ISP as agent in the provision of services in the information community', DiMEE 2004, 350-356.

36. 'Consent to the elaboration of personal data', DiMEE 2005, 357 et seq.­ - Birthday of Apostolos Georgiadis I, pp. 971 et seq.

37. 'Methodological issues vis-a-vis the concept of the processing of personal data', DiMEE 2005, 391 et seq.

38. 'Tax law restrictions on the freedom of contracts', DEE 2005, 800 et seq.

39-42. Commentaries on various court decisions, e.g. Greek Case Note on Fairchild v. Glenhaven Funeral Services Ltd and others, Fax v. Spousal (Midlands) Ltd, Mattheus v. Associated Portland Cement Manufacturers (1978) Ltd and others [2002] UKHL 22, European Review of Private Law (ERPL) 2004, 238 et seq. (In English) .

43. Reflections on the general theory of  IP Law, ΔiMEE 2005, 145 et seq.

44. Book review of Basic Elements of Civil Law by P. Agallopoulou, RHDI 2004.

45. 'Introductory remarks on 'Expropriation' (ed. V. Tsoumas)', publ. Nomiki Vivliothiki, 2007, pp. 1 - 34.

46. 'Order for payment after the endorsement by a lawyer of the print-out of an extract from e-files, observations on AP 902/2006', ChriDik 2/2007, 278 - 284.

47. 'Education on the cusp between Public and Private Law', NoB 2008, 40 et seq.

48. 'Standard Contract Terms in Greece' in the volume in honour of Constantinos Keramefs, pp. 233 - 255.

49. 'A prize in TV knowledge quizzes - wager or justum pretium? - thoughts prompted by AP 1636/2008', DiMEE 2009, 11 - 22.

50. 'The draft Directive on Consumers' Rights', EfAD 2010, 9 - 23.

51. 'Self-destruction or civil self-determination?' in the collection of papers Psychiatry and Law 4, 2010, pp. 75 - 79 = advance publication of the study 'Civil liability for self-harm of a third party - self-destruction or civil self-determination?' in the volume in honour of Michael P. Stathopoulos, pp. 3245 - 3270.

52. 'Mediation in private disputes', NoB 2010, 287 - 310.

53. 'Issues of electronic payments', in the volume in honour of Georgios Kallimopoulo, pp. 785 et seq..

54. 'European Law of Contracts - the Green Book wonders what CFR means', EfAD 2011/1, 3 -17.

55. 'Internet-naming of the debtors to the state, (jointly with Ch. Anthopoulos, Sp. Vlachopoulos, D. Zographopoulos, and G. Panagopoulou), EfimDD, 2011, 678 - 689.

56. 'Rechtsmethodische Ueberlegungen zur Feststellung des Beginns der Existenz der natuerlichen Person', in Festschrift fuer F.-J. Saecker zum 70. Geburtstag, 2011, 1053-1064 (in German).

57. 'Civil partnership: dissolution or 'dispositivisation' of the institution of marriage? Towards an evaluative homogenisation of the law on cohabitation', EfAD 1/2009, 50 et seq.

58. 'Civil partnership - Issues of substantive and procedural law', D 2009.

59. 'Burial, cremation or transplantation? Reflections on legal and ethical problems in the framework of civil law doctrine', in the International Journal of Human Rights and Constitutional Studies, issue No. 1, Vol. 4, (in English).

60. 'Sound recording by one parent of complaints by the child of immoral actions by the other' (opinion), EfAD 2012, 666 - 671.

61. 'Sex change from the point of view of civil law', EfAD 2015, 856 - 864.

62. 'The fate of the insurance compensation for a traffic accident in the event of the succession in inheritance of the perpetrator by the victim', EfAD 2014, 660 - 667.

63. 'Thoughts on international arbitration on public project - the case of multinational joint venture contractors with main residence in Greece', EfAD 2014, 660 - 667.

64. 'Thoughts on the economic analysis of the law on marriage', in the volume in honour of P. Gemtos, pp. 767 - 786.

65. 'Civil liability for sports incidents', in the volume in honour of S. Vrellis, pp. 1097 - 1106.

66. 'The imprescribability of objections (Civil Code 273)' in P. Papanikolaou (ed.), Issues in the Law of Prescription, 2016, pp. 41 - 50.

67. 'Prescription of  claims in leasing contracts' in P. Papanikolaou (ed.), Issues in the Law of Prescription, 2016, pp. 369 - 376.

68. 'Prescription of claims in construction contracts' in P. Papanikolaou (ed.), Issues in the Law of Prescription, 2016, pp. 377 - 392.

69. 'The Laws of Plato as 'sample of reference' with respect to the ancient classical philosophy of law' in the volume in honour of Ph. Doris II, 2015, pp. 1761 - 1786 = Isopoliteia 2011 - 2012, 85 - 121.

70. 'Issues on e-auctions' in Greek Jurists' Union e-Themis site (ed.) 'In the face of contemporary technological developments', 2011, pp. 203 - 220.

71. 'The limits of life as an issue of the methodology of the law' in M. Kanellopoulou-Boti / Ph. Panagopoulou=Koutnatzi (eds), Issues of Bio-ethics, 2014, pp. 411 - 434 (elaboration and extension, particularly as regards the end of life, of the present author's contribution to 'Rechtsmethodische Ueberlegungen zur Feststellung des Beginns der Existenz der natuerlichen Person', in FS F.-J. Saecker, 1053-1063).

72. 'The confidentiality of electronic communications after the test of the DEE - the annulment of the Data Retention Directive and its impacts on national law', ToS 2014, 213-246 = publication in the electronic journal %B9% CE% BD/.


III. Editing of research projects

73. 'Defrauding of creditors, civil, penal and procedural application' (as to the civil aspect, with Prof. L. Margaritis as editor of the penal perspective), Nomiki Vivliothiki, 2013.

74. K. Saïtakis, 'The new civil partnership', Nomiki Vivliothiki, 2016.